# How Does it Work to Bet on the Point Spread in Sports Betting?

## THE POINT SPREAD PART 1

How does the Spread Bet or Point Spread work in Sports Betting? Marius from Trademate Sports explains Spread Betting using the NBA final between the Golden State Warriors and Cleveland Cavaliers.

## THE POINT SPREAD PART 2

We explain the difference between the point spread in American Odds vs Decimal Odds (European Odds).

# How Does it Work to Bet on the Moneyline in Sports Betting?

## Moneyline Betting

We explain what the Moneyline is and how it works to bet on it in this video using the Super Bowl between the Philadelphia Eagles and New England Patriots as an example.

# Odds Formats in sports betting explained

When displaying their odds, there are generally three different ways bookmakers
choose to do so. These are:

## DECIMAL ODDS

Widely used in various parts of the world, decimal odds is arguably the easiest odds
format to comprehend as it reflects the inverse of the probability of its corresponding
outcome.

Decimal odds quote the ratio of the potential payout to the initial stake. In other
words, if you place a \$10 bet at odds of 1.9, a winning bet returns \$19. Remember
that the stake is included in the return, making the remaining \$9 your profit.

## MONEYLINE / american odds

Also called American odds, Moneyline odds can either be quoted with a positive or
negative sign. To illutrate the difference, consider the following example:

New York Yankees -145
Toronto Blue Jays +125

When positive, the number indicates the potential profits on a \$100 bet. This is used
when the outcome is considered less likely to happen than not, and suggests that you
are betting on an underdog.

When negative, the number indicates the amount that must be wagered to potention-
ally win \$100 in profits. This is used when the outcome is more likely to happen than not, making a negative sign the hallmark of a favourite.

## FRACTIONAL odds

Favoured in the United Kingdom and Ireland, fractional odds quote the potential return
relative to the stake. For example, a won £100 bet at odds of 2/1 would imply that the
bettor made £200 in profits, whereas the same bet at 1/2 imply profits of £50.

## HOW DO THESE THREE ODDS TYPES RELATE TO EACH OTHER?

It’s easier to see for yourself:

TABLE SHOWING CONVERSIONS BETWEEN DIFFERENT ODDS FORMATS

## DO I NEED TO KNOW THEM ALL?

No. Bookmakers usually give you the option to choose your preferred odds format. If
you understand the conversion table above, you are probably more profficient than
you necessarily need to be.

## Do you know the different odds types?

We have written articles explaining them:

# What are Totals or Over/Unders? | Sports Betting For Beginners

A total or over/under is a bet on whether the combined number of points in a single game will be over or under a given value. For example, consider the following game between Arsenal and Sunderland:

Totals table

Let's say you bet on 'Under 1.5', with odds of 8. If the total number of goals scored by both Arsenal and Sunderland don't exceed 1.5, you win the bet. In other words, as long as the game ends either 0-0, 1-0 or 0-1, you win.

Note: Unless otherwise stated, most bookmakers consider the end of regulation time as the end of the game. This means that goals scored in extra time will not necessarily be part of the total.

## Do you know the different odds types?

We have written articles explaining them:

# What is the Draw No Bet? | Sports Betting For Beginners

The Draw no bet is a type of bet offered by most online bookmakers. As the name suggests, it is characterized by the fact that you get your money back in case the game ends in a draw.

For example, you think that Bayern München will win against Borussia Dortmund. However, you recognize that a draw is also relatively likely. The Draw no bet gives you the opportunity to bet on Bayern while protecting your stakes against a tie.

## What if my bookmaker doesn't offer DNB?

Not all do. Luckily, you can always make them yourself.

The easiest way to do this is to choose the team you think will win (as you would with the DNB), and make a bet with Asian handicap 0. Since the Asian handicap returns your stake if the bet is a draw, this is equivalent to playing DNB.

Another strategy is to place one bet on the team you think will win, and an extra bet on a draw. If your bet sizing is correct, you will be able to insure against the draw. To illustrate how this works, consider the following game:

AMOUNT: \$100

1 (1.50)   |   X (4.00)   |   2 (9.00)

You want to bet on a win for team 1, but also want to protect yourself against a draw.

First we calculate the stake we want to place on the home team.

The formula for this is:

HOME STAKE = TOTAL STAKE x ( DRAW ODDS - 1) / DRAW ODDS

DRAW STAKE  = TOTAL STAKE - HOME STAKE

Example calculation:

HOME STAKE = \$100 x (4.00 - 1) / 4.00 = \$75

DRAW STAKE = \$100 - \$75 = \$25

The net profit formula for home and draw:

NET PROFIT HOME TEAM WIN = (HOME ODDS -1) * HOME STAKE

NET PROFIT DRAW= (DRAW ODDS -1 * DRAW STAKE) - HOME STAKE

Example calculation:

NET PROFIT HOME TEAM WIN = (1.50 - 1) x \$75 = \$37,5

NET PROFIT DRAW = (4.00 - 1 x \$25) - \$75   = \$0

If you bet a total of \$100, with \$75 on the home win and \$25 on the draw and the game ends in a home win you make a profit of \$37,50. If it ends in a draw you get your money back. No profits, no loss.

## Do you know the different odds types?

We have written articles explaining them:

# 6 tips on how to use Trademate as efficiently as possible

Take 2 min to read 6 tips on how to get the most value for time spent with using Trademate:

1. The most trades occur between 10am-3pm (UK time) on Saturdays and Sundays. Next between 6-7.45pm on Tuesday-Thursday when the Champions League and Europa League is played.
2. Use 5 bookies at a time and start with the ones with the highest number of trades that also have search fields (ask us for the list in the chat).
4. We have added a feature that shows how long a trade has been an edge. To save time you can skip the ones that are red. Use your experience with regards to which lines at certain bookies are outdated. E.g. I never look up asian handicaps at Comeon, but I do look up 1x2.
5. Use a password manager (e.g. Lastpass) to save time when logging into bookies. Also, use a tool like Spectacle for Mac to quickly shift and resize different browser windows.

# The Ultimate Guide to Trademate Sports

## Why Trademate works in Theory & Practice

Why does Trademate work and how do we find value in sports betting markets

## An explanation of the terms used in and related to Trademate

Tips, tricks and how to use Trademate

1. Core: Interview with Mathias
2. Core & Pro: Interview with Miro
3. Core: Interview with Martin
4. Pro: Interview with Matias
5. Pro: Interview with Airidas

## Detailed explanation of Basic Concepts

Different types of Odds:

## Useful Tools and Resources

Article: Essential tools and resources for sports traders and bettors

# What is a European Handicap? | Sports Betting For Beginners

If you haven't read our article on the Asian handicap: Please do. European handicap is almost the same, but with one clear distinction. With the European, draws are possible, and they result in you losing your bet.

Take a simple example where you place a bet on Tottenham at -1, and they win 1-0. With Asian handicap, you get your money back. With European, your bet is lost.

From a larger perspective, both handicaps are two sides of the same coin. For any given full goal European handicap, the corresponding half goal Asian handicap functions exactly the same way. To illustrate, consider the following scenarios:

European and Asian handicaps table

As the table suggests, the outcome of a bet is the same for Asian handicap +-0.5 and European +-1. Therefore, it really doesn't matter which one you choose.

Note, however, that this is not true for the opposite case (i.e. Asian 1 is not equal to European 0.5). The reason is that a full goal Asian handicap allows your stack to be returned in case of a draw, which is not possible with the European regardless of outcome.

## Do you know the different odds types?

We have written articles explaining them:

# What is Asian Handicap? | Sports Betting For Beginners

Let's say Liverpool play against Leyton Orient in the FA Cup. Liverpool are clear favorites, and you are looking to place a bet on them to advance to the next round. However, when you find out that the odds on a home win is only 1.1, you are reconsidering your initial decision.

In games where there is a clear favorite, the odds might be unfavorable. Therefore, bookmakers offer a handicap in order to create desirable bets on both the favorite and the underdog.

In the example above, the odds book could look something like this:

## Liverpool -1.5  (1.90)   |   Leyton Orient +1.5 (2.10)

When determining the outcome of your bet, 1.5 points will either be added to Leyton's score or subtracted from Liverpool's. If the final score turns out to be Liverpool 2-0 Leyton Orient, a bet placed on Liverpool will result in a win. If the final score is 1-0, the bet on Liverpool is lost.

## Full, Half and Quarter Goal Handicaps:

The Asian handicap can be divided into three categories, depending on its value. The full goal handicap consists of only whole numbers, for example +1, +2 or +3. This means that a draw is still possible, and in this case, your stake will be returned.

The half goal handicap could look like +0.5, +1.5, +2.5 etc. This eliminates the possibility of a draw and reduces the number of possible outcomes from three to two.

The quarter goal handicap is nothing but a mix between the full and half goal handicaps. Let’s take an example of +1.25. In this case, your money is split in two: One-half goes to a bet with the handicap of +1. The other half goes to a bet of +1.5.

With the quarter goal handicap, your bet can end in more ways than two. Consider a handicap of either -0.25 or +0.25, and the following results:

Asian Handicap Table

You placed a bet on handicap +0.25, and the game ends in a draw. Half of your bet(placed on handicap 0) is lost, while the other half(placed on +0.5) is a win. This is known as a half win. In the opposite case where a handicap of -0.25 is followed by a draw, your bet would result in a half lose.

In another example, consider the handicaps of -0.75 and +0.75:

Asian Handicap Table

This time, the half win is achieved if you place a bet with handicap -0.75, and your team wins by 1 (The half on -1 is lost. The half on -0.5 is won). The half lose comes into play if you place a bet with handicap +0.75, and your team lose by 1 (Half on +1 is won, half on +0.5 is lost).

## Do you know the different odds types?

We have written articles explaining them:

# How to bet? The 10 Step Trademate Guide to Improve Your Betting

Here are some key concepts you should know about, educational resources, tools and practical steps you can take to improve your betting.

# 1. Find value from odds deviations at bookmakers.

Different bookmakers offer different odds, which are possible to exploit through value bets. What a value bet is and how they occur is covered in these articles

The majority of soft bookmakers offer bonuses with a turnover requirement, e.g. a 10x. You can use arbitrage to clear these bonuses. For instance let’s say you are betting on an Over / Under in a basketball game. Bookie A offer 2.05 in odds on an over, while Bookie B offers a 2.05 in odds on under. By placing \$100 on each side, you have a surebet with a guaranteed profit of 2.5%. [ 1 / (1/2.05 + 1/2.05)]. Remember that you’re goal is to clear the bonus, so you can go break even by taking 2.0 and 2.0 or even go slightly below. Just make sure that your bonus is large enough to justify taking bets with a slightly negative expected value.

Most tipster make money from affiliate deals with bookmakers where they get money if you use their links to sign up to the bookmaker site or by getting a percentage of losses made by bettors. If a tipster has an actual edge or inside information they will act upon this themselves. Only once they have taken a position in the game will they be willing to give up this information. The result being that they get better odds than you. For instance if a tipster recommends Troy at home versus South Florida in the NCAA at 1.75. They could take an earlier position at 1.80. Once people start following their advice and the market drops to let’s say 1.65 they can take a bet on the other side to make a surebet. Most tipster also don’t want to give away their track record and for the once that do, there is no guarantee that they have not simply deleted some of the bets they have lost. For the tipsters who actually do show you their full track record, the sample size is often very low. If they only place 250 bets a season for example their results will mainly be down to luck. There are two good articles on Pinnacle, which covers how to evaluate tipsters track records and survivorship bias.

# 5. Not having a staking strategy.

Even if you are placing profitable trades, without a correct staking strategy, variance could wipe you out. So what does a profitable staking strategy look like? Well there’s two options you can deploy profitably. A flat stake, and a proportional stake.With a flat bet size, you either put the same wager on every single game, or you put the same wager on games that have the same odds and edge. Flat bet sizing is fairly easy to use, but it's hard to select a proper size. A size too big will increase the chance of going broke, while a size too low will not yield big enough profits.A proportional strategy is where you place a certain percentage of your current bankroll on each bet. Kelly's Criterion is a formula that maximizes the growth rate of your bankroll. You should be aware that following the Kelly Criterion is high risk. You can reduce your risk by following for instance 30% of whatever the Kelly Criterion tells you to. I’ve also made a video where I explain the Kelly Criterion and how to apply it in betting.

# 7. Not tracking performance or analysing your game.

Lack of knowledge and analysis of your performance against the bookmakers is one of the biggest factors in not becoming a profitable long-term sports trader. Whether you are a poker player or day trader, keeping track of your results enables you to determine whether your strategy is working and whether you are running good or bad. This can in turn enable you to change your strategy for the better. When trading sports you should measure your performance versus the closing lines of the sharp bookmakers. If you are able to consistently place bets where you get better odds than the bookmakers closing lines you should be profitable in the long term.

# 9. Market liquidity = information

The bookmakers employ top sports experts and data scientists who take in huge amounts of information on everything from lineups, injuries and team form to place their initial odds line. In other words, information is used to calculate the probability of let’s say Arsenal beating Tottenham this weekend. One of the best sports traders in the world is Tony Bloom, the owner of Brighton Football Club and the betting syndicate Starlizard (http://read.bi/2fiaisZ). According to Business Insider, Starlizard employs 160 workers who spend their day crunching statistics and building their own computer models for calculating the odds of sporting events, e.g. Arsenal winning. To run a company of Starlizard’s size and pay all the employees, the betting size and volume needs to be huge, in the range of hundreds of thousands to millions of pounds per bet. If they believe that the bookmaker are giving odds of 2.0, when their own calculations say that the true probability of Arsenal winning is 1.9. They will bet a large amount on any odds above 1.9, causing the odds to drop until it reaches 1.9. It is not possible to place large bets on the soft bookmakers, so the professionals perform their betting at the sharp bookmakers who offer higher stake limits on games. Once the odds goes down on one side, it will inevitably rise on the other. So now the odds of a draw or away win could be at 3.40 and 3.90 respectively. Now, someone else might believe that there is value to be had by betting on an away win based on the information they possess. They will then place a bet on Tottenham to win, shifting the odds line again. Eventually the odds line will reach equilibrium, where no-one is willing to place any more money on any of the game’s outcomes. If you are going to place \$1 million on the outcome of a game, you better make sure that you get it right, if not you will go out of business over time. This also implies that when someone is willing to place such high stakes on a game, they possess information that suggests that this is a profitable bet. Thus one can draw the conclusion that the more money is placed on a game (liquidity) is equal to information. Watching and analysing these high-liquidity markets, allows you to follow big movers such as Tony Blom. Essentially giving you access to their positions and information.

# Rookie Mistake #1 in Sports Betting: Accumulator Betting

Accumulator betting is generally a terrible idea. There are some exceptions to this rule, but 9 times out of 10 you should run a million miles from accumulator betting. The reasons are simple. Your hunch bet, which on average is losing 10% of your stake every bet, compounded with another 3 hunch bets, is actually making you lose on average 34% of your stake.

For example, let’s say you place a £10 on a 4 leg accumulator at 60 in odds. The bookmaker is essentially saying this will happen 1 time every 60 times. However, you should be getting odds of 91 (average payback at 90% giving 0.9^4 = 0.6561, 60/0.6561 = 91.45). That means the bookmaker has an edge of 34% over you.

Doesn’t sound very fair does it? That’s why bookmakers are spending millions on advertising accumulators

Don't bet on accumulators

# Essential tools and resources for sports traders and bettors

This post is a summary of tools and resources that can help you improve as a sports trader.

# TOOLS

## Oddsportal

Oddsportal is a free service that allows you to compare the odds offered by different bookmakers in one place. They also have a surebet (arbitrage) and some other nice to have tools.

## Flashscore

Flashscore is another free service that is great for keeping track of the score on the trades that you have placed and for checking the results. They also have an app and if you create a user, you can get notifications whenever there is a goal in a game you want to follow.

## Odds Converters

Using an odds converter enables you to quickly see the relationship between decimal, American, fraction odds and implied probability.

## Brokerages

Betting brokerages enables you to place trades at the sharp bookmaker’s with one account. It reduces the hassle of managing multiple accounts in addition to increasing the speed with which you are able to execute trades. At Trademate we are currently using Sportmarket as a brokerage to perform our betting in at the sharp bookmakers. Other brokerages include AsianConnect and PremiumTradings.

# RESOURCES

## PINNACLE’S BLOG

In addition to being one of the bookmaker's with the highest liquidity and payout rate, Pinnacle has some great educational content on a range of topics that are important for sports traders. We have included some of our favorites below:

## News

Tony Bloom and Starlizzard - One of the world's most profitable sports traders.

## FiveThirtyEight

A stats centered blog run by Nate Silver that covers American sports. Nate is known for his predictions on Baseball and past US elections.

Finally, don't forget to check out the other articles at our content center.

# Increasing the value of soft bookmakers

Use multiple bookmakers

Using multiple bookies enables you to find more value bets

To maximise profits, you need to maintain a high turnover by placing many bets. When placing a high volume of bets, there are two ways of distributing that volume. One way is to use 1-3 bookmakers at any one time and placing bets on as many opportunities as you can, placing on all leagues, low percentage edges, and games that start more than a day ahead. Placing on low percentage edges and games that start far in the future will increase your variance. The optimal solution is to spread the volume throughout bookmakers, while only placing bets on the best opportunities on each book. For high volume traders, this can't be stressed enough. By using 5 or more bookmakers, you can consistently place on the best opportunities, whilst maintaining a high volume and a lower variance by placing on higher edges, games closer to game time, and stick to recommended leagues. By doing this, your account on each bookmaker will last a lot longer.

In our community, we've had users running through bookies, one by one. After signing up on a bookie, placing 200+ bets the first 24 hours, they're shut out, and that's that. Bookmakers are consistently trying to shut out winning players, and there are almost no losing players that put in that kind of volume, making you too easy to find and shut out.

I understand that signing up to many bookmakers and keeping track of the websites and money management is a bit tedious, but if you're here to make some serious money, it's definitely the way to go. Personally, I'm using a password manager called Dashlane to keep track of all the passwords in a secure way.

# What are eWallets

If you already are using one or more bookmakers you have probably seen one or both of these logos.

Skrill and Neteller are the two biggest eWallets currently used by bookmakers. An eWallet is an online prepaid account. Warry similar to PayPal in many ways, except it’s not directly connected to your credit or debit card. Some countries have restrictions on cards to their countries gambling laws(this does NOT mean that it is illegal) and have to open an eWallet account to use certain bookmakers. But even if you don’t have to open an account it is not a stupid idea to do so anyway. It is a really easy way to keep track all your money that is used for betting.  Most bookmakers also no transaction fee when using eWallets. If you want to spend some of your winnings you can order a Neteller debit card that is directly linked up to your account so you don’t need transfer the money back into your account.

When setting up an account with an eWallet they will at some point request a copy of your I.D to verify that it is, in fact, you using it. Don’t worry about this, they are very professional and neither us or any of our customers have had any problem with them.

# Odds notations

When someone says they will give you 2-to-1 they are saying, I’m giving you an odds of two. If you have 2 in odds for Liverpool to win and they do your return will be your stake multiplied with the odds. This is known as decimal odds If you put \$100 on Liverpool you will get \$200 back, your initial \$100 and \$100 in winnings.

Different countries have different ways of displaying odds. The most common one is the decimal way explained above. In UK fractional are more common, it’s also common in horse racing. Fractional odds is shown as 4/1, this does that you will get \$400 return on a \$100 bet. You will get back a total of \$500(including your stake). 4/1 is the equivalent of 5.00 in decimal odds.

Moneyline odds is given as a positive or negative number(also known as American odds). If the number is positive it’s quoting how much money that will be won on a \$100 wager. If the number is negative it shows how much that need to be waged to win \$100. 4/1 and 5.0 will be quoted as +400. ¼ or 1.2 will be quoted as -400

[table id=1 /]

# DIFFERENT ODDS TYPES

We have written articles explaining them: